Film Production Glossary


2D Effects

2D effects are, for example, captions or simple logo animations. They are created on computers using highly specialized software and may take a lot of time to complete.

3D Effects

3D effects are computer animations that are created in three-dimensional space. In very specific software the animator works with x, y and z axis.

DI - Director's Interpretation

The director's interpretation regarding the realization of a concept or story board.

Digital Cinema

Digital cinema is a film shot digitally in cinema quality, which requires the latest high end technology. The cinematographic aesthetics of digital cinema cannot be achieved with standard HD cameras. The Red One camera is digital cinema: Its pictures look like they would in a movie and not like a video film. In certain aspects, such as resolution, the Red One surpasses film cameras. It performes extraordinarily well in low-light conditions and is highly recommendable for blue and green screen work due to its reduced noise development. Digital cinema also allows working with a reduced depth of field, which requires a very large sensor/chip.


In modern days, almost any footage is digitized, no matter what format it was shot in. The footage is processed (edited, color graded etc.) digitally on a computer. This is another advantage of the Red One: It records directly onto a hard drive that can be attached to a computer easily without having to convert the footage.

Director's Cut

The director's cut (D.C.) is the director's version of the final cut. Often, especially in Hollywood, the first version to be published and distributed is not the one favored by the director. This is because producers enforce cutting out or changing scenes and often entire story lines on grounds of test viewers' reactions. The producers' financial and the director's artistic interest are often not concordant with each other.

DP / DoP

The director of photography is the head of the camera and lighting department. He is responsible for framing and lighting the scene and therefore one of the most important members of any film crew. A good DoP has gained extensive experience as a camera operator and has a very clear aesthetic vision.