Film Production Glossary

S

Script

A script is written in the final stage of pre-production. It depicts camera angles, setups, positions, setting etc. A script is essential to a good film or commercial; it is almost impossible to make a good film from a bad script, and on the other hand a good script hardly ever results in a bad film.

Sensor

The centrepiece of the Red One is the super-35mm CMOS Sensor with 12 Megapixels, offering all the possibilities of a selective depth of field. The large 29 sq. micron pixel ensure low noise levels, high dynamic range, and excellent color matching. High dynamic range means that image information in bright areas is retained.

Set

The environment chosen or constructed for a scene or shot.

Set Designer

Designs, plans and organizes the construction of sets.

Set Dressing

The set dresser is responsible for the details in the set design and decorative materials.

Shot List

The shot list is a written description of the shots planned (i.e. angle, frame, action etc.), usually drafted by the director and handed out to key crew members - e.g. DoP, camera operator, camera assistant, audio recordist, make up artists, assistant directors etc. - for quick reference and for the crew to be able to plan ahead.

Showreel

A showreel displays for example a director's, DoP's or editor's work on a DVD or the internet.

Slate

When recording visuals and sound on different devices the clap of the slate marks the frame that can later be used as a reference to sync the sound with the motion track. The slate also conveys information that makes it easier to find and identify any particular shot in post production, particularly when using continuity logs as a reference. This information includes: the production title, the director's name, the DoP's name, the date as well as take-, scene- and roll-/tape-/drive number. Often slates will also differ between day, night, dawn, exterior or interior shoot, motion only shots (MOS) and more. PU in front of the take number means that the take is a recapture of a scene that has already been shot.

Slow Motion

In slow motion, a shot or sequence is slowed down so everything seems to be moving more slowly than in real life. In order to be able to slow footage down smoothly it is necessary to record more than the usual 24 or 25 frames per second, but then play it at normal frame rate. The more frames are recorded, the slower the sequence will appear.

Sound Design

Creating and underlaying sounds and noises to support and enhance the pictures (for example footsteps when a character is seen walking).

Story Board

In a story board each planned shot is drawn up or photographed to help visualize the concept.

Studio

A large room or hall specially intended for filming, often equipped with pre-rigged lights and a sound recording system. Used mostly with blue- or green screens, complicated artificial sets or in order to be weather- and light-independent.

Subtitles

Subtitles are text superimposed onto the picture, usually on the bottom edge. They are mostly used for the translation of foreign language dialogue or to introduce a person or place.

Synopsis

A synopsis summarizes the content of a film or commercial in a few sentences.